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外贸常用英文词汇

英语 qushang 4年前 (2017-03-11) 988次浏览

外贸常用英文词汇 (一) 债转股

debt-to-equity swap

港元的联系汇率制

the linkage system between the US dollar and the HK dollar

坏帐、呆帐、死帐

bad account/ dead account/ uncollectible account/bad debt/ bad loan

反倾销措施

anti-dumping measures against ……

通货紧缩

deflation

通货膨胀

inflation

非配额产品

quota-free products

非生产性投资

investment in non-productive projects

风险管理/评估
risk management/ assessment

风险基金

venture capital

风险准备金

loan loss provision/ provisions of risk

搞活国有大中型企业

revitalize large and medium-sized state owned enterprises

规模经济

scale economy/ economies of scale

国合企业(即国有合作社)

state-owned cooperatives

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国际收支

balance of international payments/ balance of payment

国际收支不平衡

disequilibrium of balance of payment

国家补贴

public subsidies

国家现汇结存

state foreign exchange reserves

合理引导消费

guide rational consumption

季节性调价

seasonal price adjustments

既成事实

established/accomplished facts

技工贸结合的科技型企业

scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological developmentwith industrial and trade development

劳动密集性企业

labor-intensive enterprises

乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费

unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises/ unauthorized pooling of funds, compulsory donations and random levies on enterprises

千年问题、千年虫

millennium bug

企业技术改造

technological updating of enterprises

企业亏损补贴

subsidies to cover enterprise losses

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实行国民待遇

grant the national treatment to

平等互利、讲求实效、形式多样、共同发展的方针

pursuing practical results, adopting various waysand seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity andmutual development

瓶颈制约 “bottleneck”restrictions

??外贸常用英文词汇 (二)

flying-by-night company; bogus company ease monetary policy

皮包公司
放松银根
流动人口
企业的自我约束机制 self-regulating mechanism of enterprises

floating population

crave comfort and pleasure

贪图安逸
消费膨胀
信息化
无氟冰箱
无纸交易
适销对路的产品 readily marketable products 倒爷 profiteer

inflated consumption informationize

freon-free refrigerator paperless transaction

overstaffing in (government) organizations

机构臃肿
机构重叠
利改税
经常性的财政收入 regular revenues
慢性萧条 chronic depression
双重轨制 two-tier system / double-track system 就业前培训 pre-job training

岗位培训 on-the-job training ?外贸常用英文词汇 (三)

对外项目承包 foreign project contracting
劳务合作 labor service cooperation
外援方式 modality of foreign aid
自 1999 年 1 月 1 日起实行 come into official enforcement as of January 1, 1999 所有制形式 forms of ownership

以试点的形式实行外贸权自动登记制度 implement an automatic registration system of foreign trading rights on a trial basis

organizational overlapping
substitution of tax payment for profit delivery

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风险管理/评估 risk management/ assessment
国家鼓励项目 projects listed as encouraged by the state <<中华人民共和国保护台湾同胞投资实施条例>> Implementation Rules of the P.R.C. on the Protection of Investments by Compatriots from Taiwan
部长级会议 ministerial meeting
公正合理 equitable and rational
抢得先机 take the preemptive opportunities
减免债务 reduce and cancel debts
工程项目 engineering project
同步增长 increase in the same pace
摆脱亚洲金融危机的影响 shake off the impact of the financial crisis
走上良性发展的轨道 going on the track of sound progress
工业增加值 industrial added value
固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets
建材 building materials
累计实现顺差 143.4 美元 accumulatively realizing trade surplus
注入新的生机与活力 bring new vigor and vitality into
配件 accessories
备件 spare parts
进口环节税 import linkage tax
营业税 turnover tax
企业所得税 corporate income tax
抵免 offset
省会 provincial capital
直辖市 municipality directly under the central government
龙头产品 flagship product
现代企业制度 modern corporate system
实行股份制 enforce stockholding system
控股公司 holding company
自主经营,自负盈亏 responsible for their own management decisions, profits and losses 在巩固公有制主体地位的同时,促进多种所有制经济共同发展 alongside fortifying the status of the public ownership as the mainstay, it is also encouraged to witness common development of different systems of ownership
形成统一、开放和竞争有序的市场 establish an unified, open market with orderly competition 国家科技创新体系 State Scientific and Technological Innovation System
帮助人才脱颖而出 help excellent talents find way to distinction
清理、修订 screen and modify
水利 water conservation
转化经营机制 change the method of operation
中介服务组织 intermediary service organization

外贸常用英文词汇 (四)

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dual purpose exports 军民两用品出口
dual-use goods and technology 军民两用产品和技术
NAFTA North American Free Trade Area 北美自由贸易区
global quota 全球配额
grandfather clause 祖父条款
Animal-derived food 动物源食品
EVSL (Early Voluntary Sectoral Liberalization) 部门提前自愿自由化
TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) 贸易和投资自由化和便利化 国际清算 international settlement
商住和公益设施建设 commercial, residential and public utility construction
广开就业门路 increase employment opportunities; create jobs in every possible way; open up more channels of employment
自由浮动汇率 free floating exchange rate; variable exchange rate
资本项目 capital account
经常项目 current account
求同存异 overcome differences and seek common ground
防伪标志 anti-fake label
出口创汇型产业 export-oriented industry
盘活存量资产 revitalize stock assets
竟价投标 competitive bidding
协议投标 negotiated bidding
横向兼并 horizontal merger
垂直兼并 vertical merger
垃圾融资 junk financing
货币市场 money market
申报制度 reporting system; income declaration system

外贸常用英文词汇 (五)

shipping service company 船务公司
generic products 非商标(非专利)产品
prudent monetary policy 稳健的货币政策
deficit spending 超前消费
run on banks (到银行)挤兑
domestic support to agriculture 对农业的国内支持 special bonds 特种债券
economy of abundance 富裕经济
CAGA (compound annual growth average) 年复合增长率 Animal-based protein 动物源性蛋白
GMO (genetically modified organism) 转基因组织
VOD (video-on-demand) 视频点播
AOD (audio-on-demand) 音频点播

学习交流开拓视野,资源共享合作共赢–深圳外贸论坛 http://www.szfob.com 热情欢迎外贸各行 各业的朋友加入我们,共创美好明天;

外贸常用英文词汇 (六)

市场准人的行政管理措施 AAMA: Administrative Aspects of Market Access 亚太工商咨询理事会 ABAC: APEC Business Advisory Council
亚太商业论坛 ABF:APEC Business Forum
亚太通讯与数据系统 ACDS:APEC Communications and Database System 亚太中小企业技术交流与培训中心 ACTETSME:APEC Center for Technology Exchange and Training for Small and Medium Enterprises

亚洲开发银行 ADB: Asian Development Bank
亚太经合组织经济领导人会议 AELM: APEC Economic Leaders Meeting
东盟自由贸易区 AFTA:ASEAN Free Trade Area
亚太经合组织部长级会议 AMM:APEC MinisteriaI Meeting
澳新紧密经济关系协定 ANZCERTA:Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement
亚太商业网络 APB-Net:Asia-Pacific Business Network
亚太经济合作组织 APEC:Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
亚太能源研究中心 APERC:Asia Pacific Energy Research Center
亚太信息基础设施 APII:Asia-Pacific Information Infrastructure
亚太实验室认可合作 APLAC:Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation 亚太法定计量论坛 APLMF:Asia Pacific Legal Metrology Forum
亚太计量程序 APMP:Asia Pacific Metrology Program
东南亚国家联盟 ASEAN:Association of South-East Asian Nations
亚欧会议 ASEM:Asia-Europe Meeting
农业技术合作 ATC:Agricultural Technical Cooperation


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